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量子光学基础(第4版)

作者:[美] 梅斯瑞 著

出版社:世界图书出版公司

出版年:2010-08-01

页数:507

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内容简介

This book grew out of a 2-semester graduate course in laser physics and quan-tum optics. It requires a solid understanding of elementary electromagnetismas well as at least one, but preferably two, semesters of quantum mechanics.


目录

Classical Electromagnetic Fields

1.1 Maxwells Equations in a Vacuum

1.2 Maxwells Equations in a Medium

1.3 Linear Dipole Oscillator

1.4 Coherence

1.5 Free-Electron Lasers

Problems


Classical Nonlinear Optics

2.1 Nonlinear Dipole Oscillator

2.2 Coupled-Mode Equations

2.3 Cubic Nonlinearity

2.4 Four-Wave Mixing with Degenerate Pump Frequencies

2.5 Nonlinear Susceptibilities

Problems


Quantum Mechanical Background

3.1 Review of Quantum Mechanics

3.2 Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory

3.3 Atom-Field Interaction for Two-Level Atoms

3.4 Simple Harmonic Oscillator

Problems


Mixtures and the Density Operator

4.1 Level Damping

4.2 The Density Matrix

4.3 Vector Model of Density Matrix

Problems


CW Field Interactions

5.1 Polarization of Two-Level Medium

5.2 Inhomogeneously Broadened Media

5.3 Counterpropagating Wave Interactions

5.4 Two-Photon Two-Level Model

5.5 Polarization of Semiconductor Gain Media


Problems

6 Mechanical Effects of Light

6.1 Atom-Field Interaction

6.2 Doppler Cooling

6.3 The Near-Resonant Kapitza-Dirac Effect

6.4 Atom Interferometry

Problems


Introduction to Laser Theory

7.1 The Laser Self-Consistency Equations

7.2 Steady-State Amplitude and Frequency

7.3 Standing-Wave, Doppler-Broadened Lasers

7.4 Two-Mode Operation and the Ring Laser

7.5 Mode Locking

7.6 Single-Mode Semiconductor Laser Theory

7.7 Transverse Variations and Gaussian Beams

Problems


Optical Bistability

8.1 Simple Theory of Dispersive Optical Bistability

8.2 Absorptive Optical Bistability

8.3 Ikeda Instability


Problems

9 Saturation Spectroscopy

9.1 Probe Wave Absorption Coefficient

9.2 Coherent Dips and the Dynamic Stark Effect

9.3 Inhomogeneously Broadened Media

9.4 Three-Level Saturation Spectroscopy

9.5 Dark States and Electromagnetically Induced Transparency

Problems


10 Three and Four Wave Mixing

10.1 Phase Conjugation in Two-Level Media

10.2 Two-Level Coupled Mode Coefficients

10.3 Modulation Spectroscopy

10.4 Nondegenerate Phase Conjugation by Four-Wave Mixing

Problems


11 Time-Varying Phenomena in Cavities

11.1 Relaxation Oscillations in Lasers

11.2 Stability of Single-Mode Laser Operation

11.3 Multimode Mode Locking

11.4 Single-Mode Laser and the Lorenz Model

Problems


Coherent Transients

12.1 Optical Nutation

12.2 Free Induction Decay

12.3 Photon Echo

12.4 Ramsey Fringes

12.5 Pulse Propagation and Area Theorem

12.6 Self-Induced Transparency

12.7 Slow Light

Problems


Field Quantization

13.1 Single-Mode Field Quantization

13.2 Multimode Field Quantization

13.3 Single-Mode Field in Thermal Equilibrium

13.4 Coherent States

13.5 Coherence of Quantum Fields

13.6 Quasi-Probability Distributions

13.7 SchrSdinger Field Quantization

13.8 The Gross-Pitaevskii Equation

Problems


Interaction Between Atoms and Quantized Fields

14.1 Dressed States

14.2 Jaynes-Cummlngs Model

14.3 Spontaneous Emission in Free Space

14.4 Quantum Beats

Problems


System-Reservoir Interactions

15.1 Master Equation

15.2 Fokker-Planck Equation

15.3 Langevin Equations

15.4 Monte-Carlo Wave Functions

15.5 Quantum Regression Theorem and Noise Spectra

Problems


Resonance Fluorescence

16.1 Phenomenology

16.2 Langevin Equations of Motion

16.3 Scattered Intensity and Spectrum

16.4 Connection with Probe Absorption

16.5 Photon Antibnnching

16.6 Off-Resonant Excitation

Problems


Squeezed States of Light

17.1 Squeezing the Coherent State

17.2 Two-Sidemode Master Equation

17.3 Two-Mode Squeezing

17.4 Squeezed Vacuum

Problems


Cavity Quantum ElectrodynAmlcs

18.1 Generalized Master Equation for the Atom-Cavity System

18.2 Weak Coupling Regime

18.3 Strong Coupling Regime

18.4 Velocity-Dependent Spontaneous Emission

18.5 Input-Output Formalism

Problems


Quantum Theory of a Laser

19.1 The Micromaser

19.2 Single Mode Laser Master Equation

19.3 Laser Photon Statistics and Linewidth

19.4 Quantized Sidemode Buildup

Problems


Entanglement, Bell Inequalities and Quantum Information

20.1 Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox and Bell Inequalities

20.2 Bipartite Entanglement

20.3 The Quantum Beam Splitter

20.4 Quantum Teleportation

20.5 Quantum Cryptography

20.6 Toward Quantum Computing

Problems

References

Index

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精彩书摘

In this book we present the basic ideas needed to understand how laser lightinteracts with various forms of matter. Among the important consequencesis an understanding of the laser itself. The present chapter summarizes clas-sical electromagnetic fields, which describe laser light remarkably well. Thechapter also discusses the interaction of these fields with a medium con-sisting of classical simple harmonic oscillators. It is surprising how well thissimple model describes linear absorption, a point discussed from a quantummechanical point of view in Sect. 3.3. The rest of the book is concernedwith nonlinear interactions of radiation with matter. Chapter 2 generalizesthe classical oscillator to treat simple kinds of nonlinear mechanisms, andshows us a number of phenomena in a relatively simple context. Starting withChap. 3, we treat the medium quantum mechanically. The combination of aclassical description of light and a quantum mechanical description of matteris called the semiclassical approximation. This approximation is not alwaysjustified (Chaps. 13-19), but there are remarkably few cases in quantum op-tics where we need to quantize the field.


前言/序言

This book grew out of a 2-semester graduate course in laser physics and quan-tum optics. It requires a solid understanding of elementary electromagnetismas well as at least one, but preferably two, semesters of quantum mechanics.Its present form resulted from many years of teaching and research at theUniversity of Arizona, the Max-Planck-Institut fiir Quantenoptik, and theUniversity of Munich. The contents have evolved significantly over the years,due to the fact that quantum optics is a rapidly changing field. Because theamount of material that can be covered in two semesters is finite, a numberof topics had to be left out or shortened when new material was added. Im-portant omissions include the manipulation of atomic trajectories by light,superradiance, and descriptions of experiments.

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