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量子力学原理

作者:山卡(R. Shankar)

出版社:世界图书出版公司

出版年:2007-05-01

页数:676

豆瓣评分:9.1 去购买

内容简介

  Review: `An excellent text....The postulates of quantum mechanics and the mathematical underpinnings are discussed in a clear, succint manner. - American Scientist, from a review of the First Edition Book Description

  Reviews from the First Edition:

  "An excellent text … The postulates of quantum mechanics and the mathematical underpinnings are discussed in a clear, succinct manner." (American Scientist)

  "No matter how gently one introduces students to the concept of Dirac’s bras and kets, many are turned off. Shankar attacks the problem head-on in the first chapter, and in a very informal style suggests that there is nothing to be frightened of." (Physics Bulletin)

  "This massive text of 700 and odd pages has indeed an excellent get-up, is very verbal and expressive, and has extensively worked out calculational details---all just right for a first course. The style is conversational, more like a corridor talk or lecture notes, though arranged as a text. … It would be particularly useful to beginning students and those in allied areas like quantum chemistry." (Mathematical Reviews)

  R. Shankar has introduced major additions and updated key presentations in this second edition of Principles of Quantum Mechanics. New features of this innovative text include an entirely rewritten mathematical introduction, a discussion of Time-reversal invariance, and extensive coverage of a variety of path integrals and their applications. Additional highlights include:

  - Clear, accessible treatment of underlying mathematics

  - A review of Newtonian, Lagrangian, and Hamiltonian mechanics

  - Student understanding of quantum theory is enhanced by separate treatment of mathematical theorems and physical postulates

  - Unsurpassed coverage of path integrals and their relevance in contemporary physics

  The requisite text for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students, Principles of Quantum Mechanics, Second Edition is fully referenced and is supported by many exercises and solutions. The book’s self-contained chapters also make it suitable for independent study as well as for courses in applied disciplines.


目录

1. Mathematical Introduction

2. Review of Classical Mechanics

3. All Is Not Well with Classical Mechanics

4. The Postulates-a General Discussion

5. Simple Problems in One Dimension

6. The Classical Limit

7. The Harmonica Oscillator

8. The Path Integral Formulation of Quantum Theory

9. The Heisenberg Uncertainty Relations

10. Systems with N Degrees of Freedom

11. Symmetries and Their Consequences

12. Rotational Invariance and Angular Momentum

13. The Hydrogen Atom

14. Spin

15. Addition of Angular Momenta

16. Variational and WKB Methods

17. Time-Independent Perturbation Theory

18. Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory

19. Scattering Theory

20. The Dirac Equation

21. Path Integrals-II

Appendix

ANSWERS TO SELECTED EXERCISES

TABLE OF CONSTANTS

INDEX

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